Case Report, Series A, Number 2
Use of Opteform® to Repair Acetabular Osteolysis
A 53-year-old female presented with localized pain in the left hip, increased limping and decreased ability to ambulate over the last two months. She had bilateral total hip arthroplasty 13 years prior for a primary diagnosis of degenerative arthritis. In the past 10 years, the patient has had three left hip revisions and one right hip revision. Radiographs demonstrated radiolucency surrounding the socket, asymmetric wear of the polyethylene, and radiolucency along the mid-portion of the femoral component (Figure 1).
At operation the femoral stem was well fixed. However, the acetabular component was loose and was subsequently removed. Acetabular bone was reamed to expose fresh host bone. There were bony defects in the anterior, posterior, medial and superior portions of the acetabulum. A 75mm and a 45mm disk of Opteform®, providing a total graft volume of 23cc, were warmed and pressed into the defects. A 48mm cup with a 22mm ID acetabular insert was placed. The cup fixation was supplemented with two 6.5 mm screws, applied superiorly (Figure 2). At 10 weeks post-operatively, the patient resumed full activity without external support.
Pre-operative: The left acetabular cup has migrated superiorly indicating looseness. Also note the radiolucency along the femur and the assymetrical polyethylene wear.
Figure 2. Immediate post-operative: new
cup and implanted Opteform around
The patient returned six months post-operatively after developing acute pain. Radiographs showed that the acetabular component had rotated into a vertical position (Figure 3). At operation the defects observed six months previously were well healed, and no additional bone graft was required during this revision. A biopsy was taken at the site of the previously placed Opteform® allograft (Figure 4). Histological analysis indicated new bone growth and remodeling throughout the Opteform®. The displaced acetabular cup was revised with a 52mm acetabular cup using four 6.5mm screws to augment the fixation.
Four months after the most recent revision operation, the patient was
walking well with one crutch. Radiographs demonstrated the prosthetic
components in good position with no evidence of complications
(Figures 5 & 6). The displacement of the acetabular cup was thought to be due to the inadequate fixation of the acetabular cup into healthy host bone. The use of Opteform® during the first procedure improved the bone quality at
Figure 3. Ten weeks post-operative:
The medial edge of the acetabular cup
has rotated laterally, tilting the cup
vertically. Note the radiolucent gap
on the medial edge indicating the
cup’s previous position.
Figure 4. Histological sample of the
bone graft site. New bone has grown
amidst the Opteform® allograft chips
and is continuing to remodel as indicated
by the cutting cones.
Figure 5 & 6. One month (left) and
months (right) post-operative: Note the
trabeculation of the bone graft and the
lack of movement of the cup.
Opteform® is not available for use in the spine.