Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A

Arthritis
A condition that occurs in joints when surfaces between the bones are worn and uneven. This creates friction, which causes pain, swelling and reduced mobility.  It results from infection, trauma, degenerative changes, metabolic disturbances or other causes.
Arthroscopic Surgery
Refers to a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which treatment of damage of the interior of a joint is performed using an arthroscope, a type of endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small incision.
Articular cartilage
Refers to a smooth substance that cushions the bones and enables them to move easily

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C

Clavicle
Refers to a doubly-curved long bone located directly above the first rib that connects the arm to the body, allowing maximum range of motion.

 

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E

Extension
An anatomical term of motion that refers to straightening a joint.

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F

Femur
Refers to the lower end of the thigh bone that makes up the knee.
Flexion
An anatomical term of motion that refers to bending a joint.

 

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G

Gout
Refers to a disease created by a buildup of uric acid on articular cartilage of joints, tendons and surrounding tissues due to elevated concentrations of uric acid in the blood stream, causing the tissue to become inflamed.

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H

High-impact activities
Activities such as running, jumping and jumping rope that imposes a lot of mechanical stress on the bone.
Humerus
Refers to the arm bone that runs from the shoulder to the elbow.

 

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I

Immobilize
Refers to reduced or restricted motion; can be a result of arthritis or osteoarthritis pain, bone fracture, etc.
Impingement
Describes a condition that results from pressure on the rotator cuff from part of the shoulder blade, as the arm is lifted.

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L

Low Profile Instrumentation (LPI®)
Provides options for alternative surgical approaches such as reduced incision size, which can minimize hospital stay and allow for the speediest possible recovery.

 

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M

Malalignment
Refers to an abnormal position of the bone in relation to the placement of other bones.

 

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O

Osteoarthritis (OA)
Refers to a condition that causes "wear and tear" to joint cartilage. It develops after years of constant motion and pressure in the joints and is the most common form of arthritis.

 

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P

Patella
Refers to the knee cap.
Patellar tracking
Refers to the way the knee cap moves when the knee is bending.
Polyethylene
Refers to the lightweight moisture-resistant plastic that allows the bones to smoothly glide against each other.
Platelet-rich Plasma
Component of blood that when processed and injected into the injured site, these concentrated platelets contain powerful growth factors that can jumpstart the healing of injured tendons and ligaments by stimulating tissue repair and regeneration1.
Prosthesis
Refers to an artificial substitute or replacement of a part of the body.
Pseudoparalysis
Refers to an apparent restriction or inhibition of motion because of pain, or other cause, not due to actual muscular paralysis.

 

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R

Rheumatoid Arthritis
Refers to a chronic and painful inflammatory autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to attack the joints, which can lead to substantial loss of mobility due to pain and joint destruction.

 

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S

Scapula
Refers to a flat rough bone that connects the arm bone with the clavicle.

 

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T

Tibia
Refers to the upper end of the shin bone.
Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA), Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) or Total Shoulder Artroplasty (TSA)
Refers to surgical procedures that involve removing the diseased bone and cartilage and resurfacing it with orthopaedic implants.
Tuberosity
Refers to rounded and prominent elevation, especially from the surface of a bone.
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